Success on Giant Mule Deer

Key to succes giant mule deer hunt

Killing Giant Mule Deer

Several books have been published on finding and killing Giant Mule Deer, and all of these books, no doubt, address several of the key components to achieving this lofty goal. If a giant buck is what you are after, it’s good to have a solid plan to achieve your goal. In recent years there appears to be big movement in regards to fitness and hunting. I’m not picking on the fitness guys. Fitness can certainly play a role in success. However, I believe it is overemphasized concerning other areas that should receive equal focus. It seems every year the same group of fitness gurus that eat tag soup or take a buck well below their goal, commit themselves to more time in the gym as if their lack of strength and endurance was the cause for their unpunched tag.

Hunting in Units with Poor Genetics

While I’m not at all against being physically fit, fitness will only get you so far when it comes to notching your tag on a big ole Muley. So what’s the big Secret to consistently putting big bucks on the ground? The truth is, I don’t believe there are any secrets. The focus and prioritization are simply off balance. I don’t care if you can run marathons and bench press 300 lbs, you’re not going to kill big deer if you are hunting in units with poor genetics. Likewise, physical stamina doesn’t always translate into being accurate with your weapon of choice. While there are several components to putting a big buck on the ground, I would like to focus on two. If you want to increase your odds of wrapping your hands around a big buck, you must first and foremost hunt where big bucks live, and second, make your first shot count.

Hunt Where Big bucks live

Growing up, we had a family tradition of hunting the same unit and area every year. It was a 2-hour hike up a rugged canyon trail in the dark to a place we called the ledges. It is the “buckies” looking canyon you can imagine. The only problem is, it was always void of big bucks. After getting married, I started to hunt more on my own. I tried some new areas, and it wasn’t long before I was seeing more mature bucks. After hunting several units, I began to notice a pattern. Some units did not produce big bucks no matter how hard I scouted or hunted. While many of these units maintained healthy populations of deer and even had the great buck to doe ratios, they all seemed to be lacking the essential ingredient: Genetics. Many of the mule deer hunting books have emphasized studying the record books by a county to determine the best units to apply for.

Extracting Information from the Data

This can certainly be a helpful tool, but data mining the record books really only gives you broad search results. In today’s age of information and subscription-based hunting services, the big gold nuggets have been flushed out into the wide open. With minimal effort, the average hunter can know

The unit I took this buck in is a consistent producer of big bucks. It receives immense pressure from public land hunters, so the number of mature bucks is minimal, but they are there as evidenced by this old mature buck.

the top mule deer units in every state. For example, in Utah, the Henry Mountains and Paunsagunt is the gold standard for mule deer. In Arizona, 13B is the best of the best. It’s no secret 44 in Eagle County Colorado is a top shelf unit for big bucks. These are your big gold nuggets that frankly, take more points to draw than most hunters will ever have in their lifetime. What you’re looking for in the data mining process are small gold nuggets. The small gold nuggets you are looking for are units you can draw every year or every 1-2 years, which consistently produce a few big bucks. I have been hunting units like this for the past 15 years and have put many good bucks on the wall.

Finding the “Honey Holes”

Finding and applying for these units is only half the battle. You need to put in the time scouting to find the “honey holes;” within the units that consistently produce the top end bucks. What better way to get in some fitness than to scout your unit from top to bottom. All but a couple of my biggest bucks have come from units you can draw with 0-2 points. There is a reason it only takes 0-2 points to draw a unit. Many of these easy to draw tags are archery or muzzleloader which comes with a lower success rate. These units also have fewer mature bucks, as a result of more tags and hence more hunters. However, in my experience, your best chance of hunting a big buck undisturbed is on the archery hunts or early muzzleloader hunts. I have taken more big bucks in August and September than any other time.

Mule Deer are Less Active During Daylight

It’s a biological fact that mule deer bucks are less active during daylight hours in October than they are in August and early September. I’m not suggesting you can’t take a big buck in October, but the odds aren’t in your favor. Furthermore, archery equipment and the archers using it are so advanced that archers are killing a lot of the top end deer. This means fewer big bucks are making it to October. If you are dead set on hunting with a rifle, look at some of the rut hunts in CO that can be drawn with very few points. The Opportunities to hunt big bucks every year are plentiful. With some research and scouting, you can nail down several units that will give you a chance to hunt big bucks year in and year out. Believe me, there are more options than you might realize.

Making The First Shot Count

It’s embarrassing to admit, but as a young man, I was a terrible shot when the moment of truth arrived. I could shoot the X ring out of a paper target with a rifle, but when I had an animal in front of me, I couldn’t seem to compose myself for an accurate shot. Thankfully this bad habit was short lived. As a teenager I always hunted with a rifle, however, in my early 20’s, I started hunting with a muzzleloader and bow. Hunting with primitive weapons made me a better shooter. It was a mental thing for me. In my mind, I knew I had but one shot so I would commit to a little extra time to compose myself before executing the shot.

Making the Mental Shot First

I taught myself to make the shot mentally before I made it physically. It has made all the difference. Whether I’m shooting my bow or a long gun, the mental process is the same. Acquire the target, and then maintain target acquisition through the shot. As silly as it sounds, practice makes perfect. Spend plenty of time at the range developing the mental process that plays a key role in accuracy. What works for one doesn’t work for all. I like to hold my breath through the shot, yet some shooters will tell you this is a bad habit. My advice is let your groups and hence your accuracy determine what is working and what is not.

I shot this buck at 229 yards with my iron sight black powder rifle. Practicing at that distance helped me to make the shot when the moment of truth arrived. 

One common frustration all guides have, without exception, is clients missing easy shots on trophy animals. I find it amusing that hunters will spend 1000’s of hours in the gym, $1000 on hunting equipment and an outfitter, and two decades worth of preference points only to miss the trophy of a lifetime because they didn’t invest time at the range. Fat guys wearing cheap camo can kill big bucks if they can shoot. All the money and points in the world can’t buy you a big buck if you can’t connect with a lethal shot. Making your first shot count is a common sense principle, yet it’s the one critical piece to putting a big buck on the ground that is often approached casually. Practice, Practice, Practice! I can’t stress it enough. In my experience, the glory days of hunting giant bucks are back. I’m confident that allocating more time to researching, scouting, and shooting will place you at the end of some short blood trails.

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